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Economic Characteristics of Land

  • Scarcity: While land isn’t considered rare, the total supply is fixed.
  • Improvements: Any additions or changes to the land or a building that affects the property’s value is called an improvement. Improvements of a private nature (such as homes and fences) are referred to as improvements on the land. Improvements of a public nature (e.g., sidewalks and sewer systems) are called improvements to the land.
  • Permanence of investment: Once land is improved, the total capital and labor used to build the improvement represent a sizable fixed investment. Even though a building can be razed, improvements like drainage, electricity, water, and sewer systems tend to be permanent because they can’t be removed (or replaced) economically.
  • Location or area preference. Location refers to people’s choices and tastes regarding a given area, based on factors like convenience, reputation, and history. Location is one of the most important economic characteristics of land (thus the saying, “location, location, location!”).
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